Natural gas is simply methane
Natural gas is a lower carbon energy source. It consists primarily of methane, which, at its molecular core, is simply just one carbon molecule surrounded by four hydrogen molecules (CH₄).
This simple particle composition makes gas a clean, affordable and consistent fuel. In addition to generating electricity, gas is used in many industrial processes, such as making fertilizers, glass, steel, plastics, paint, and fabrics.
Methane production, however, requires thoughtful expertise as its uncontrolled emission to the atmosphere contains more greenhouse gas warming potential than carbon dioxide. With a 2018 methane intensity of 0.06%, Saudi Aramco's methane emissions are among the lowest in the industry.